Futureproof How to Get Your Business Ready for the Next Disruption

Futureproof – How To Get Your Business Ready For The Next Disruption: Book Review

Book Review.

The Future Is Here – A Book Review on “Futureproof – How To Get Your Business Ready For The Next Disruption” by Minter Dial & Caleb Storkey

Futureproof How to Get Your Business Ready for the Next Disruption
Futureproof How to Get Your Business Ready for the Next Disruption

Foreword: Special thanks to Chengkok for giving me the opportunity to read and write a review for this book. The contents expressed are of the author’s own opinions and are in no way meant to serve as financial advice. Written By Minhui.

Introduction:

The book is split into 2 parts, the first part focuses on the mindsets that will help to embrace disruptions to become “futureproof”. The three mindsets are namely: meaningfulness, responsibility and collaboration.

The second part focuses on 12 of the prominent driving technological disruptive forces across the various industries. Minter and Caleb use humour, personal experiences and passion to bring across important lessons of disruptions for businesses today.

Part 1: The 3 Mindsets

Meaningfulness: The desire to find purpose is not something new, in fact, I argue that it is deeply rooted in human nature for one to search for meaning to have something to live for. Meaningful work helps us to lead more rewarding lives. As such, Minter and Caleb have outlined a framework of 5Ps of meaningfulness for businesses. The 5Ps are Purpose, People, Prize, Profit and Planet. It is with these 5Ps that businesses are able to position themselves in a different light from the others and contribute back to society purposefully. Meaningfulness helps a business to attract the right people who share the same values to scale to greater heights, making profits whilst balancing a higher goal of sustainability for the environment and impacting people’s lives positively.

Responsibility: The need for accountability is greater than before as disruptions take place, with disruptions, we are being exposed to consequences that we may not have answers to yet. Take the example of the debate over genome-editing, the benefits are clear, we could potentially create humans free from diseases but what happens when the gene-editing process goes wrong? Moreover, there are concerns over the justice and equity of access to such technologies. Hence, the moral permissibility of such technologies should be part of the public discourse. Responsibility is essential to a business in that it influences the ultimate purpose of the business and the ethics behind the means to achieve the goals.

Collaboration: No man is an island as the famous adage goes, the need for collaboration has been emphasised through the interconnectedness of today’s world. No one can be an expert in every field and accomplish everything by himself. By being receptive to others’ ideas, collaboration allows the cross-fertilisation of ideas and helps businesses to be more nimble to gain a competitive advantage. Sharing economies utilises collaboration very well, disruptive companies such as Airbnb in fact is asset-light as opposed to traditional hoteliers. Airbnb serves as a platform for connecting accommodation seekers to renters, making under-utilised spaces productive. In this example, collaboration requires much trust from both parties. Trust is a currency that is earned through the fostering of a collaborative culture and not commanded immediately. Businesses have to leverage on each other’s specialisation for greater efficiency.

With that, these three mindsets are crucial in helping you to harness the opportunities from disruptions and “futureproofs” you as you will be better prepared when you question the meaning of your actions and factor in the responsibility behind the actions taken. Lastly, a collaborative spirit should always be encouraged as it helps us to be open-minded for opportunities.

Part 2: The 12 Disruptive Technological Factors

  1. The Web
  2. The Smartphone
  3. The Cloud
  4. Security
  5. Internet of Things (IOT)
  6. Artificial Intelligence (A.I)
  7. Big Data Analytics
  8. Blockchain & Cryptocurrencies
  9. 3D Printing
  10. Energy Storage
  11. Self-Assisted Driving
  12. Genomics

I will not be delving deep into each of the 12 disruptive forces but will instead leave it up to you to do your own research or read the book for a deeper understanding. Minter and Caleb have pointed out these 12 technologies that will (if they are not already) disrupt businesses. Some of these forces are in fact intertwined.

The worldwide web became publicly available on 6 August, 1991. Much has changed since then, with its ever-increasing speed and ubiquity, it has allowed us to be reliant and engaged in it like never before. The plethora of tools made available by the web such as social media, e-commerce, peer-to-peer funding or marketplace and e-learning have been nothing short but amazing. It has simply changed the way we live, communicate and handle our daily tasks.

Next, the smartphone, has vastly improved over the years to allow it to function like a mini-computer in which we are able to conduct transactions, communicate with people and get a daily dose of news from Wealthdojo. The third disruptive force would be “the cloud”, which has enabled us to store our data on the internet instead of having it stored locally on a desktop or phone. This has allowed us to work from anywhere and share access to edit documents together with our colleagues who might not be in the same location as us, thus, boosting productivity for companies and institutions.

Cyber security is the protection of computerised systems from theft, corruption, or disruption. From individuals to corporations and governments, the importance of cyber security cannot be understated. The global cyber security market is estimated to be projected at USD 500.7 billion by 2030 according to research by Grand View Research Inc. The internet of things (IoT) are objects that have sensors to communicate both with one another and with us. IoT helps businesses to provide and deliver more customised, contextually relevant content and enhanced customer experience through data analytics. This will be explored further.

The sixth disruptive force is Artificial Intelligence (AI), it is the development and use of machines to function in ways normally associated with the cognitive functions of the human brain. These technologies include: 1) Logic programming- using facts and rules to create logical formulas, 2) Bayesian systems- using statistics and probabilities for prediction. 3) Expert systems-using knowledge-based systems for decision making 4) Semantic knowledge bases – understanding language sets, identifying content by its types, meaning, metadata or tagging. 5) Deep Learning – using algorithms to create models of high-level of abstractions. Being a laggard in adopting AI could jeopardise your businesses. Big data analytics is a function of the combined forces of the web, smartphones, IoT, the cloud, AI. What makes big data powerful is not the data itself but rather what one plans to do with it. It is crucial for companies to know how to navigate through these data to assist their decision-making process.

The eighth disruptive force is one that has been making headlines in recent days. Cryptocurrencies are digital currencies, operating independently of any central bank and through digital encryption, the transfers of these currencies are self-regulated. The most disruptive element of the cryptocurrency force is the underlying blockchain technology. Blockchain, operates as  proof of existence. Laura Shin from Forbes wrote “Blockchain technology is likely to disrupt financial services first by making existing processes more efficient, secure, transparent and inexpensive”. Now, with the arrival of the metaverse, blockchain technology will become more significant, as cryptocurrencies and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) will enable purchases and value storage in virtual reality. Gartner forecasts that the business value generated by blockchain will grow rapidly, reaching $176 billion by 2025 and $3.1 trillion by 2030.

Next, 3D printing is the construction of a three-dimensional product from a CAD model. There are many exciting applications for 3D printing. Examples, where 3D printing could be use, includes:

  • Rapid prototyping
  • Quick design iteration
  • Low volume production
  • Mass customisation
  • Virtual inventory
  • Prosthetics
  • Production of less common spare parts

Renewable energy is hugely beneficial for the environment, however, one of the big challenges to such alternative energy sources is the storage for it. This is due to the intermittent nature of the generation  and the inadequacy between when it is created and when it may be needed. Today the mechanisms to store this energy effectively and cheaply remain to be developed. Energy storage is a good example of how all the changes identified by the authors, will not all have direct relevance for all businesses. However, it is of concern to businesses that are involved in producing and storing energy, or those that are heavily energy-dependent.

The eleventh disruptive force is self-driving which enables vehicles to use a combination of sensors, cameras, radars and artificial intelligence to travel between destinations without a human operator. Tesla, has arguably been leading the way with its large fleet of electric vehicles, and more companies such as Volkswagen and Rivian,  have jumped on the bandwagon in a bid to achieve a slice of the pie

Lastly, Genomics which is the twelfth disruptive force is the study of the full genome, including all genetic material. Roughly, 2 per cent of our genome is allocated to genes that ‘code’, with the function of programming or encoding a particular product. The study of genetics remains embryonic for businesses outside the medical sphere, nonetheless, the analysis and interpretation of epigenetics (the study of changes in organisms caused by modifications of gene expression rather than alteration of the genetic code) brings the hope for greater robust business applications. Although businesses’ relationship with genomics is in its infancy stage, we can expect to see significant changes in this area in the upcoming years.

Conclusion

These 12 forces of disruption are just examples that Caleb and Minter have pointed out to keep a look out for in the coming decade, they might not be relevant for every business out there, but one takeaway from the book is that we should embrace disruptions as opportunities and prime ourselves for changes.

Humans are more adaptable to changes than perceived, Covid-19 has been a good example, working from home may have been unimaginable for most companies pre-covid but the nationwide implemented circuit breaker has forced most of us to adapt to a whole new working environment at home within such a short period of time, and very likely this new normal is here to stay. More companies have called for a permanent work from home (Twitter, Spotify and etc.).

This book cannot make you “futureproof” but it will open your mind to think about how to do so. Companies and individuals should carry out an honest assessment of ourselves for the mindsets that are required to embrace disruptions as discussed in part 1 because we simply cannot afford to be slow to react to the disruptions that will continue to change the way we live and work in the future.

 

Final Thoughts

Thank you Minhui for writing this lovely book review.

Indeed, it is very important to know if your own business is future-proof or the business that you are investing in future-proof or not. Like what Warren Buffett says, read 500 pages a day. That’s how knowledge works. It builds up like compound interest. 

May this book brings you inspiration.

Chengkok is a licensed Financial Services Consultant since 2012. He is an Investment and Critical Illness Specialist. Wealthdojo was created in 2019 to educate and debunk “free financial advice” that was given without context.  

Feel Free To Reach Out To Share Your Thoughts.

Contact: 94316449 (Whatsapp) chengkokoh@gmail.com (Email)
Telegram: Wealthdojo [Continuous Learning Channel]
Reviews: About Me

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of any other agency, organisation, employer or company. Assumptions made in the analysis are not reflective of the position of any entity other than the author.

How Tesla and Bitcoin is forming the new economy Dogecoin

How Tesla and Bitcoin are forming the new economy

It is official. Tesla just invested/bought (it is hard to tell the difference today) USD$1.5B in Bitcoin and plans to accept it as payment. Just a few days ago, CEO Elon Musk tweeted positive messages around digital currency especially for Bitcoin and Dogecoin. While the intention of his Dogecoin tweet is still unclear, his tweet has send Dogecoin’s prices through the roof/moon/mars (it is hard to keep up with the terms anymore).

How Tesla and Bitcoin is forming the new economy Dogecoin
How Tesla and Bitcoin are forming the new economy Dogecoin

Disclaimer: No vested interest in Bitcoin/Dogecoin/Tesla.

In this article, I will attempt to explain what good and what not good will happen from this move and potential series of events that might unfold. If you are new to Tesla and Bitcoin, I would encourage you to read about my previous Bitcoin article: Is it too late to invest in Bitcoin?

 

Tesla’s Current Brilliant Capital Moves

One thing for sure. Elon Musk sure knows how to raise capital or get his hands on money. Previously, Tesla raised USD$5 billion from stock offering. The question had that time was do they really need the cash? It turns out that his timing was excellent. By selling shares at an expensive price, Tesla’s existing shareholder was not affected much by dilution. Effectively, he is raising capital from the equity market and still “protecting” his existing shareholder. I feel that it was a wonderful move.

Secondly, Tesla’s income comes from selling regulatory zero emission credits to other carmakers. Tesla would have noted a net loss for 2020 if it had not relied on this USD$1.6billion sale. To help build a sustainable economy, carmakers have to manage their pollution levels and have to buy green credits or face hefty fines or have their business licenses revoked. Selling of the zero emission credits is probably a 100% profit margin (there is no COGS). I feel this is pretty smart too as Tesla is selling something that is technically “free”. This will impact them once the other carmakers are more serious about their carbon emission.

 

Tesla Next Capital Move: Bitcoin

As of 27 Jan 2021 Motley Fool’s article, Tesla ended the year with a cash war chest of USD$19.4B. This already includes the $10B raised through stocks offering in 2020. With the purchase of USD$1.5B worth of Bitcoin, around 7% of the Balance Sheet (cash and equivalent) has been converted into Bitcoin. When you are investing in Tesla, you are now “investing” in Bitcoin.

How Tesla and Bitcoin is forming the new economy
How Tesla and Bitcoin are forming the new economy

Of course, Bitcoin surge > 20% to reach a new highs of USD$44,000.

In a official filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the company said it bought the bitcoin for “more flexibility to further diversify and maximize returns on our cash.” With the limited use of Bitcoin at the moment, I believe Bitcoin is another investment vehicle for Tesla. In this, I feel that Tesla would be able to “sell” Bitcoin when the time is right to edge up their quarterly results. However, this could impact them if Bitcoin prices fluctuate much.

 

Tesla and Bitcoin: The New Economy

You might be wondering why I named the article “The New Economy” by now. I would like to present a thesis of what potentially can happen and the likely impacts of it.

  • An Alternative Investment / Store of Value

This is the one that I like the most. Although it is known that Warren Buffett does not invest directly into Gold, he is invested into Barrick Gold, an Gold Mining company. Gold by itself doesn’t not have any utility. Barrick Gold offers a balance sheet, income sheet etc. Most people believe that it is hedge against the USD.

Similarly, what Elon Musk might be trying to do is to hedge against the USD. Think about it, 20% of all USD are printed in 2020 during the COVID-19 crisis. The value of USD might be compromised and this is where it gets exciting.

If the crisis isn’t managed well and the value of USD continues to crumble, Bitcoin might then be a good store of value. Bitcoin will then become the new worldwide accepted currency. Hence, the new economy.

  • Increase adoption of Bitcoin

In my previous article about Bitcoin, I questioned about the “lack of adoption” of bitcoin. There seemed to be a HODL attitude on diamond hands. As Tesla cars gets traction in the world, they could really start to accept Bitcoin for their goods or service all over the world. As the velocity of Bitcoin transaction circulates more and more around the world, people will eventually have to use Bitcoin in their everyday transaction. It will give birth to a new worldwide accepted currency.

The question remains if people would actually want to use Bitcoin for transactions with the increasing Bitcoin prices.

 

Final Thoughts By Wealthdojo

Elon Musk decisions usually leave people feeling awe or just confused. Certainty, he already has raving fan base to help him push prices to wherever he wants it to be via a tweet. I can only say he is a good marketer, a great business man and definitely an excellent story teller.

Till next time!

 

Chengkok is a licensed Financial Services Consultant since 2012. He is an Investment and Critical Illness Specialist. Wealthdojo was created in 2019 to educate and debunk “free financial advice” that was given without context.  

Feel Free To Reach Out To Share Your Thoughts.

Contact: 94316449 (Whatsapp) chengkokoh@gmail.com (Email)
Telegram: Wealthdojo [Continuous Learning Channel]
Reviews: About Me

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of any other agency, organisation, employer or company. Assumptions made in the analysis are not reflective of the position of any entity other than the author.

Short Squeeze

How Gamestop is better “investment” than Tesla

It is official. Gamestop (GME) is now giving a “better returns” than Tesla (TSLA). GME returns stand at 3300% vs TSLA 691% over the past one year. It is even better than bitcoin which is giving a 257% returns over the past one year. Just how did it happen? Is it too late to invest in bitcoin, Tesla or even Gamestop?

Here at Wealthdojo, we seek to understand what has happened fundamentally. For example, the impact of raising $5 billion from Tesla offering. We then see if it makes sense to invest in it or just speculate. Even in the insane movement in the stock market, we aim manage our wealth in a logical and systematic way.

Disclaimer: I do not have any position in Bitcoin, TSLA or GME. Indeed, I have “missed” out on the huge runs of those companies but time will tell.

Tesla VS Gamestop
Tesla VS Gamestop

 

How did this happen?

It happened for TSLA. It is happening for GME. This movement in the stock market can be summarised into 2 words.

Short Squeeze

What is a Short Squeeze?

A short squeeze happens when there is a (1) sharp rise in the price of an asset. For traders who previously short the asset, they are (2) forced to close out their positions. As they are forced to now (3) buy the asset at that current price, this tends to send the prices even higher.

In simpler words, a strong buying pressure “squeezes” the short sellers out of the market.

 

Example of a Short Squeeze

For example, stock ABC price has been falling over the last 2 years. Let’s assume that it is now $10. Short sellers (people who sell the stock without having them) sell the stock ABC at $10 hoping to profit from the decrease in prices. (In a hypothetical example, if price becomes $1, they just buy it back at $1 and profit the $9 difference).

However, something happened. This could be a favorable earnings or simply a tweet. The price (1) rapidly increase. Let’s assume prices is now at $20. They are now under pressure if they are on margin (2) to buy back the stock at $20 or risk having the price going up further. At this moment of time they would already be losing $10. They scramble to close/buy the stock (3) at $20 sending the price even further. This keeps escalating until all the short sellers are pretty much out.

 

Case Study of Short Squeeze

In July 2020, the dollar value of all shorted Tesla shares is close to hitting $20 billion. No US stock in history has ever been that shorted. On 23 Oct 2020, TSLA reported a profitable quarter. When the (1) share price increase, the short sellers were forced (2) to buy Tesla shares. This in turn send the price even further (3).

Another example is Volkswagen in 2008.

 

How to identify a potential Short Squeeze?

There are many indicators to identify a potential short squeeze and I will try to explain it in a quantitative and qualitative way.

Quantitative: Short Interest

Short Interest is number of shares that have been sold short but have not yet been covered or closed out. Short interest, which can be expressed as a number or percentage, is an indicator of market sentiment. The larger the percentage, the more shares that are being shorted.

Quantitative: Hated Company / Movement Driven

The 3 above are just an example of strong emotions in retail investors. The more someone “hate” the company, the more he is committed to short them. This can be seen from Tesla cult-like investors who either love them or hate them.

After that, it is just waiting for the right moment for it to pop.

 

Can you profit from a Short Squeeze?

You definitely can. This screenshot has been making it’s way on the internet and this isn’t the final profit that he has. The current price of GME is $209 (27 Jan 2021) and the last price in this screenshot is $65. He has amplify his returns using options so god knows his returns now.

However, I would advice otherwise from chasing this return. This is purely speculative and nothing short of a gamble.

GME Short Squeeze Profits
GME Short Squeeze Profits

 

Final Thoughts By Wealthdojo

Short Squeeze
Short Squeeze

The market is an representation of the collective human behaviour. I personally think that it is an amazing run for GME. However, I rather sit on the sidelines along with Warren Buffett to watch this play out. Congratulations for those who profited.

 

Chengkok is a licensed Financial Services Consultant since 2012. He is an Investment and Critical Illness Specialist. Wealthdojo was created in 2019 to educate and debunk “free financial advice” that was given without context.  

Feel Free To Reach Out To Share Your Thoughts.

Contact: 94316449 (Whatsapp) chengkokoh@gmail.com (Email)
Telegram: Wealthdojo [Continuous Learning Channel]
Reviews: About Me

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of any other agency, organisation, employer or company. Assumptions made in the analysis are not reflective of the position of any entity other than the author.

 

 

Is Tesla in trouble Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now Impact

Tesla just raised $5 billion from stock offering. Are they really in need of cash?

On 1 Sept 2020, Tesla (TSLA) announced a $5 billion capital raise through equity distribution agreement. I thought it was a brilliant move as written in my previous article. (Is Tesla in trouble? Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now?). Just when the world just began to understand the news, they completed the deal on the 4th Sept 2020. Do they really need the money that urgently?

Tesla just raised $5 billion from stock offering Are they really in need of cash.
Tesla just raised $5 billion from stock offering. Are they really in need of cash?

 

I never expect to write this article that quickly. In any case, this presents my thoughts on why TSLA is doing this so quickly.

 

Non-inclusion into the S&P 500 Index

Previously, I speculated that the equity raise was to give more liquidity to prepare for the inclusion in the S&P 500 Index. However, that idea was snubbed out when TSLA were passed over for inclusion. Instead, Etsy, Catalent and Teradyne was included into the Index as part of the portfolio re-balancing.

The reason remains unknown. Personally, I feel that whoever is making this decision wants to make the S&P 500 Index less speculative in nature. TSLA has a relatively higher short ratio as compared to the other companies. An inclusion of TSLA might make the S&P 500 “correct” more often. (Donald Trump won’t want that to happen).

TSLA Short Ratio
TSLA Short Ratio

 

Buy Low. Sell High.

In any case, TSLA isn’t doing any buying. They are merely issuing out new shares. The best way to get more bang for its’ buck is to sell it at a higher price. We all know that TSLA YTD is around 325%. This is perhaps the best to time to “sell high” for whatever purpose they want to use the money for.

With regards to dilution, it is roughly around 1% dilution.

You can view their SEC Filing Form 8-K here.

 

Final Thoughts

This is not a buy/sell recommendation. Personally, I still think that Elon Musk is an expert in raising capital. I like his vision but have trouble understanding the valuation of TSLA. I have no positions in TSLA nor do I intend to start a position soon.

 

Chengkok is a licensed Financial Services Consultant since 2012. He is an Investment and Critical Illness Specialist. Wealthdojo was created in 2019 to educate and debunk “free financial advice” that was given without context.  

Feel Free To Reach Out To Share Your Thoughts.

Contact: 94316449 (Whatsapp) chengkokoh@gmail.com (Email)
Telegram: Wealthdojo [Continuous Learning Channel]
Reviews: About Me

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of any other agency, organisation, employer or company. Assumptions made in the analysis are not reflective of the position of any entity other than the author.

Is Tesla in trouble Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now Impact

Is Tesla in trouble? Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now?

On 1st September, Tesla (TLSA) announces $5 billion capital raise through equity distribution agreement (selling more shares possibly dilution?). CEO Elon Musk previously mentioned that the company wasn’t interested in a new capital raise as he believed that TSLA was capable to finance its ambitious growth through its operations. WHY then did they want to raise money?

Is Tesla in trouble? Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now?

Is Tesla in trouble Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now
Is Tesla in trouble? Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now?

 

What happened on 1st September 2020?

Before we look at the possible impact, it is important to know what happen during the announcement.

Tesla announced today a $5 billion capital raise:

On September 1, 2020, Tesla, Inc. (“Tesla”) entered into an equity distribution agreement (the “Equity Distribution Agreement”) with Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, BofA Securities, Inc., Barclays Capital Inc., Citigroup Global Markets Inc., Deutsche Bank Securities Inc., Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC, SG Americas Securities, LLC, Wells Fargo Securities, LLC and BNP Paribas Securities Corp., as sales agents (each, a “Sales Agent” and collectively, the “Sales Agents”), to sell shares of common stock (A), par value $0.001 per share, of Tesla (the “Common Stock”) having aggregate sales proceeds of up to $5.0 billion (the “Shares”), from time to time, through an “at-the-market” offering program (B) (the “Offering”).

We currently intend to use the net proceeds from this offering to further strengthen our balance sheet (C), as well as for general corporate purposes.

Is Tesla in trouble Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now Impact
Is Tesla in trouble Why is Tesla raising $5 billion now Impact

 

What does it mean?

This means that TSLA intends to sell shares (A) at their desired price level (B) until $5 Billion worth is taken up. They intend to use the money to pay off their long term debts (C). The above banks will be helping them sell their sales.

TSLA is current priced at $407. IF they plan to sell it today, they can sell approximately 12.285 million of shares. HOWEVER, they need not do so. They can wait until their desired price level (B) before selling

For example, if their desired price level is $1000, they will be selling 5 million worth of shares. Notice that they sell less shares for the same amount ($5 billion) when they wait for their desired price level to be sold. ($1000 is an illustration)

 

What about dilution problems?

When Tesla announced the capital raise, it was trading at almost $500 billion, $5 billion was roughly a 1% dilution. I do not think it is a major issue for shareholders.

 

Between the lines

Let me refer it back to desired price level (B). This means the TSLA can choose to sell at any time or even choose NOT to sell. This is like a free line of credit to them! It is as if it is an option to raise funds from the stock market without incurring debt (no interest). Personally, I think this is a greatest win to the announcement.

On a side note, it is normal for companies to raise funds from equity or debt instruments for expansion (example: build more gigafactories to increase production)

On a more speculative view, it will help with the inclusion of TSLA into the S&P500 by having more liquidity.

 

Final Thoughts

This is not a buy/sell recommendation. Personally, I think that Elon Musk is an expert in raising capital. I like his vision but have trouble understanding the valuation of TSLA. TSLA quick ratio is 0.92 (04 Sept 2020), I would prefer for it to be better. I have no positions in TSLA nor do I intend to start a position soon.

Thank you Investing Always for your contributions. If you like this article, do comment before and leave a message for me or Investing Always.

 

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